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Old 07-20-2011, 05:15 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

I am trying to browse in /var/www/directory and it giving me a following error.

Forbidden

You don't have permission to access /directory/
on this server.


Apache/2.2.14 (Ubuntu) Server at localhost Port 80

I have just copied that directory to /var/www.
What might be wrong.

Thank you
amritpalpathak.blogspot.com

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Old 07-20-2011, 05:57 PM
Avi
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:

> You don't have permission to access /directory/ on this server.
> ------------------------------
> Apache/2.2.14 (Ubuntu) Server at localhost Port 80
>
> I have just copied that directory to /var/www.
> What might be wrong.

Well, as suggested by the error you're not permitted to view the file.

There are two sorts of permissions that can cause this - it'll be one
or both of filesystem permissions and Apache permissions.

The filesystem permissions are relatively easy - you just need to check
that the www-data user is permitted to enter the directory and read the
files. You can test this directly by su-ing to www-data and trying to
read the file. Better would be to ls -l and check whether the
permissions are set such that www-data is permitted to enter the
directory and execute the file. It's worth remembering that 'execute'
rights on a directory are actually rights to list its contents.

Apache ones can be somewhat more complicated. In general, though, if
access to the parent directory is permitted, and you've just created
this directory, you're probably allowed in. If you're just getting
started with Apache, this sort of thing is likely to keep tripping you
up for a while, I'm afraid - there are many places and different ways
in which you can deny access to something, and however you do it Apache
logs exactly the same string, which is a bit unhelpful.

It's probably worth reading through the Apache docs on authorisation[0]
but it's really something you just need to get some experience with
before it's a thing to debug quickly.


[0] http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/mod_authz_host.html

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Old 07-20-2011, 06:16 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

root***** 1074* 0.0* 0.5* 20108* 6040 ?******* Ss** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1077* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1078* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

www-data* 1079* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1080* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1081* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

amrit**** 1716* 0.0* 0.0** 3324** 872 pts/0*** S+** 14:11** 0:00 grep --color=auto apache


I didn't understand its output.
Help me here please.

Thanks for support
amritpalpathak.blogspot.com

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Old 07-20-2011, 06:19 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

root***** 1074* 0.0* 0.5* 20108* 6040 ?******* Ss** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1077* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1078* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

www-data* 1079* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1080* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
www-data* 1081* 0.0* 0.3* 20108* 3440 ?******* S*** 14:03** 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

amrit**** 1716* 0.0* 0.0** 3324** 872 pts/0*** S+** 14:11** 0:00 grep --color=auto apache


I couldn't get its output.Please see if you can help me .
Thanking you for support

amritpalpathak.blogspot.com

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Old 07-20-2011, 06:23 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

On Wed, Jul 20, 2011 at 1:57 PM, Avi <lists@avi.co> wrote:

Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:



> You don't have permission to access /directory/ on this server.

> ------------------------------

> Apache/2.2.14 (Ubuntu) Server at localhost Port 80

>

> I have just copied that directory to /var/www.

> What might be wrong.



Well, as suggested by the error you're not permitted to view the file.



There are two sorts of permissions that can cause this - it'll be one

or both of filesystem permissions and Apache permissions.



The filesystem permissions are relatively easy - you just need to check

that the www-data user is permitted to enter the directory and read the

files

* * typo;above 2 threads.

* * Can you tell me who is www-data user?
* * Above threads shows the output of apache users with permission.Please tell me what i can do now.

Thanks

amritpalpathak.blogspot.com

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Old 07-20-2011, 06:25 PM
Avi
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:

> root 1074 0.0 0.5 20108 6040 ? Ss 14:03 0:00
> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
> www-data 1077 0.0 0.3 20108 3440 ? S 14:03 0:00
> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
> www-data 1078 0.0 0.3 20108 3440 ? S 14:03 0:00
> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
> www-data 1079 0.0 0.3 20108 3440 ? S 14:03 0:00
> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
> www-data 1080 0.0 0.3 20108 3440 ? S 14:03 0:00
> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
> www-data 1081 0.0 0.3 20108 3440 ? S 14:03 0:00
> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
> amrit 1716 0.0 0.0 3324 872 pts/0 S+ 14:11 0:00 grep
> --color=auto apache
>
>
> I couldn't get its output.Please see if you can help me .
> Thanking you for support

This is the output of the 'ps' command, it's not of any use here; why
did you run it? That's a serious question - I want to know if I've said
something ambiguous.

If you'd like to know what those mean, you should run
man ps
and have a read


You need to use 'ls -l' to view the directory permissions on the
directory and its parents, or if you prefer you could su to www-data.

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Old 07-20-2011, 06:30 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

On Wed, Jul 20, 2011 at 2:25 PM, Avi <lists@avi.co> wrote:

Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:



> root * * *1074 *0.0 *0.5 *20108 *6040 ? * * * *Ss * 14:03 * 0:00

> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

> www-data *1077 *0.0 *0.3 *20108 *3440 ? * * * *S * *14:03 * 0:00

> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

> www-data *1078 *0.0 *0.3 *20108 *3440 ? * * * *S * *14:03 * 0:00

> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

> www-data *1079 *0.0 *0.3 *20108 *3440 ? * * * *S * *14:03 * 0:00

> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

> www-data *1080 *0.0 *0.3 *20108 *3440 ? * * * *S * *14:03 * 0:00

> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

> www-data *1081 *0.0 *0.3 *20108 *3440 ? * * * *S * *14:03 * 0:00

> /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

> amrit * * 1716 *0.0 *0.0 * 3324 * 872 pts/0 * *S+ * 14:11 * 0:00 grep

> --color=auto apache

>

>

> I couldn't get its output.Please see if you can help me .

> Thanking you for support



This is the output of the 'ps' command, it's not of any use here; why

did you run it? That's a serious question - I want to know if I've said

something ambiguous.



If you'd like to know what those mean, you should run

man ps

and have a read





You need to use 'ls -l' to view the directory permissions on the

directory* ** for directory in /var/www

* ** drwx------ 10 www-data www-data 4096 2011-07-04 02:31 GNDEC-SMS-Service
-rwxrwxrwx* 1 www-data www-data* 177 2011-07-16 14:29 index.html
-rwxrwxrwx* 1 www-data www-data*** 7 2011-07-17 11:55 test.php

*
and its parents, or if you prefer you could su to www-data.

* I am newbie to it.Can you please tell how to do su to www-data?

** Thanks
** amritpalpathak.blogspot.com



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Old 07-20-2011, 06:33 PM
Avi
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:
> Can you tell me who is www-data user?

www-data is the user the apache process runs as.

> Above threads shows the output of apache users with
> permission.Please tell me what i can do now.

No it doesn't. That reply shows the apache processes running and a few
stats.

If you do

ls -ld /var/www/directory
ls -l /var/www/directory

Then you will first have the permissions of the directory named
'directory' and then those of its contents.

I very much suggest you seek out a book (e-book or paper one) on Linux
and running servers in particular. Without meaning to offend, you're
asking the sorts of questions that suggest you know roughly what you
want but don't understand what you need to do to get there - this is
entirely understandable, it *is* a complicated system.

You will find it's a lot easier if you begin by reading up to some
level of understanding, and then try doing putting it into practice
rather than repeatedly trying things and finding they don't work.

We're happy to keep answering your questions, but you'll be a lot more
effective if you can just run the commands yourself and know what the
output means than need to ask us what to run each time, and then come
back for deciphering of the output.

I'm really not in a position to reccomend such a book, unfortunately,
but there does seem to be a good selection of paper books on running
Ubuntu servers. Perhaps it'd be worth starting a thread on the subject
if running Ubuntu servers is something you intend to get into.

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Old 07-20-2011, 06:40 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

On Wed, Jul 20, 2011 at 2:33 PM, Avi <lists@avi.co> wrote:

Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:

> * * Can you tell me who is www-data user?



www-data is the user the apache process runs as.



> * * Above threads shows the output of apache users with

> permission.Please tell me what i can do now.



No it doesn't. That reply shows the apache processes running and a few

stats.



If you do



ls -ld /var/www/directory
* * It gives
* * drwx------ 10 www-data www-data 4096 2011-07-04 02:31 /var/www/GNDEC-SMS-Service


ls -l /var/www/directory
total 816
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4578 2011-06-29 09:43
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6433 2011-06-29 09:44 additionalinfo.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 13080 2011-06-29 09:45 address.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4763 2011-06-29 09:42 birthday.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 3121 2011-06-29 09:44 cell.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 2404 2011-06-29 09:45 changeLog.txt
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 9142 2011-06-29 09:43 class-contactlist.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4596 2011-06-29 09:42 classes.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 2458 2011-07-04 02:31 config.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4210 2011-06-29 09:43 constants.inc
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 1473 2011-06-29 09:43 credits.html

drwx------ 3 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 css
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data* 33989 2011-06-29 09:43 datetime.js
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data*** 352 2011-06-29 09:38 DEADJOE
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 24204 2011-06-29 09:42 edit.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 26780 2011-06-29 09:43 export.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6230 2011-06-29 09:43 fileupload.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 11180 2011-06-29 09:43 functions.php
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 2627 2011-06-29 09:43 get_report.php

-rw------- 1 www-data www-data**** 53 2011-06-29 09:42 google8864db9c6fc17639.html
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 18009 2011-06-29 09:43 gpl.txt
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 12673 2011-06-29 09:44 groups.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 1732 2011-06-29 09:43 harbhag.css
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 6054 2011-06-29 09:43 harbhag_predictive.js
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data*** 341 2011-06-29 09:43 image_create.php

drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 images
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data*** 173 2011-06-29 09:43 indexMaintenance.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 5770 2011-06-29 09:43 indexOK.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 5770 2011-06-29 09:43 indexphp

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 10032 2011-06-29 09:43 index.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 5391 2011-07-01 13:54 insert.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 11685 2011-06-29 09:43 install.php
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data* 84362 2011-06-29 09:43 jquery-1.5.min.js

-rw------- 1 www-data www-data 208229 2011-06-29 09:43 jquery_ui.js
drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 languages
drwx------ 3 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 lib
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 16945 2011-06-29 09:45 list.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 17754 2011-06-29 09:46 list.php~
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data*** 525 2011-06-29 09:43 lookup.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 3953 2011-06-29 09:43 mailsend.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 11558 2011-06-29 09:43 mailto.php

drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 mugshots
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 16005 2011-06-29 09:38 options.php
drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 raiBackup
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 7209 2011-06-29 09:43 register.php

-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 2852 2011-06-29 09:43 reset_password.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 14968 2011-06-29 09:42 save.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4652 2011-06-29 09:42 scratchpad.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6072 2011-06-29 09:43 search.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6130 2011-06-29 09:43 sendsms.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6274 2011-06-29 09:38 sendsms.php~
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 3227 2011-06-29 09:43 show_sent.php
drwx------ 8 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 sms

drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 sms_backup
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data*** 422 2011-06-29 09:38 student_search.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4717 2011-06-29 09:43 styles.css
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 10716 2011-06-29 09:43 upgrade.php

-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 21680 2011-06-29 09:44 users.php




Then you will first have the permissions of the directory named

'directory' and then those of its contents.



I very much suggest you seek out a book (e-book or paper one) on Linux

and running servers in particular. * * * * ok .I will

***** Thanks you
***** amritpalpathak.blogspot.com

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Old 08-03-2011, 06:23 PM
Amrit Pal Pathak
 
Default Forbidden(Server error)

*

On Wed, Jul 20, 2011 at 2:40 PM, Amrit Pal Pathak <amritpalpathak1@gmail.com> wrote:



On Wed, Jul 20, 2011 at 2:33 PM, Avi <lists@avi.co> wrote:


Amrit Pal Pathak wrote:

> * * Can you tell me who is www-data user?



www-data is the user the apache process runs as.



> * * Above threads shows the output of apache users with

> permission.Please tell me what i can do now.



No it doesn't. That reply shows the apache processes running and a few

stats.



If you do



ls -ld /var/www/directory
* * It gives
* * drwx------ 10 www-data www-data 4096 2011-07-04 02:31 /var/www/GNDEC-SMS-Service



ls -l /var/www/directory
total 816
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4578 2011-06-29 09:43
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6433 2011-06-29 09:44 additionalinfo.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 13080 2011-06-29 09:45 address.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4763 2011-06-29 09:42 birthday.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 3121 2011-06-29 09:44 cell.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 2404 2011-06-29 09:45 changeLog.txt
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 9142 2011-06-29 09:43 class-contactlist.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4596 2011-06-29 09:42 classes.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 2458 2011-07-04 02:31 config.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4210 2011-06-29 09:43 constants.inc
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 1473 2011-06-29 09:43 credits.html


drwx------ 3 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 css
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data* 33989 2011-06-29 09:43 datetime.js
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data*** 352 2011-06-29 09:38 DEADJOE
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 24204 2011-06-29 09:42 edit.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 26780 2011-06-29 09:43 export.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6230 2011-06-29 09:43 fileupload.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 11180 2011-06-29 09:43 functions.php
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 2627 2011-06-29 09:43 get_report.php


-rw------- 1 www-data www-data**** 53 2011-06-29 09:42 google8864db9c6fc17639.html
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 18009 2011-06-29 09:43 gpl.txt
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 12673 2011-06-29 09:44 groups.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 1732 2011-06-29 09:43 harbhag.css
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 6054 2011-06-29 09:43 harbhag_predictive.js
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data*** 341 2011-06-29 09:43 image_create.php


drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 images
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data*** 173 2011-06-29 09:43 indexMaintenance.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 5770 2011-06-29 09:43 indexOK.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 5770 2011-06-29 09:43 indexphp


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 10032 2011-06-29 09:43 index.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 5391 2011-07-01 13:54 insert.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 11685 2011-06-29 09:43 install.php
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data* 84362 2011-06-29 09:43 jquery-1.5.min.js


-rw------- 1 www-data www-data 208229 2011-06-29 09:43 jquery_ui.js
drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 languages
drwx------ 3 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 lib
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 16945 2011-06-29 09:45 list.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 17754 2011-06-29 09:46 list.php~
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data*** 525 2011-06-29 09:43 lookup.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 3953 2011-06-29 09:43 mailsend.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 11558 2011-06-29 09:43 mailto.php


drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 mugshots
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 16005 2011-06-29 09:38 options.php
drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 raiBackup
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 7209 2011-06-29 09:43 register.php


-rw------- 1 www-data www-data** 2852 2011-06-29 09:43 reset_password.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 14968 2011-06-29 09:42 save.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4652 2011-06-29 09:42 scratchpad.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6072 2011-06-29 09:43 search.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6130 2011-06-29 09:43 sendsms.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 6274 2011-06-29 09:38 sendsms.php~
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 3227 2011-06-29 09:43 show_sent.php
drwx------ 8 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 sms


drwx------ 2 www-data www-data** 4096 2011-07-20 02:30 sms_backup
-rw------- 1 www-data www-data*** 422 2011-06-29 09:38 student_search.php
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data** 4717 2011-06-29 09:43 styles.css
-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 10716 2011-06-29 09:43 upgrade.php


-rwx------ 1 www-data www-data* 21680 2011-06-29 09:44 users.php




Then you will first have the permissions of the directory named

'directory' and then those of its contents.



I very much suggest you seek out a book (e-book or paper one) on Linux

and running servers in particular. * * * * ok .I will

** * *Please somebody see and help.** * * * *I am waiting a reply from number of days.I would*
** * * * *be greatful to you.**
--
*Thank you !!
*
*Regards
*Amrit Pal

*amritpalpathak.blogspot.com


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