FAQ Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read
» Video Reviews

» Linux Archive

Linux-archive is a website aiming to archive linux email lists and to make them easily accessible for linux users/developers.


» Sponsor

» Partners

» Sponsor

Go Back   Linux Archive > Ubuntu > Ubuntu Kernel Team

 
 
LinkBack Thread Tools
 
Old 07-23-2012, 05:24 PM
Luis Henriques
 
Default 2.6.32.x: ntp: Fix leap-second hrtimer livelock

From: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>

BugLink: http://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1020285

This is a backport of 6b43ae8a619d17c4935c3320d2ef9e92bdeed05d

This should have been backported when it was commited, but I
mistook the problem as requiring the ntp_lock changes
that landed in 3.4 in order for it to occur.

Unfortunately the same issue can happen (with only one cpu)
as follows:
do_adjtimex()
write_seqlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
process_adjtimex_modes()
process_adj_status()
ntp_start_leap_timer()
hrtimer_start()
hrtimer_reprogram()
tick_program_event()
clockevents_program_event()
ktime_get()
seq = req_seqbegin(xtime_lock); [DEADLOCK]

This deadlock will no always occur, as it requires the
leap_timer to force a hrtimer_reprogram which only happens
if its set and there's no sooner timer to expire.

NOTE: This patch, being faithful to the original commit,
introduces a bug (we don't update wall_to_monotonic),
which will be resovled by backporting a following fix.

Original commit message below:

Since commit 7dffa3c673fbcf835cd7be80bb4aec8ad3f51168 the ntp
subsystem has used an hrtimer for triggering the leapsecond
adjustment. However, this can cause a potential livelock.

Thomas diagnosed this as the following pattern:
CPU 0 CPU 1
do_adjtimex()
spin_lock_irq(&ntp_lock);
process_adjtimex_modes(); timer_interrupt()
process_adj_status(); do_timer()
ntp_start_leap_timer(); write_lock(&xtime_lock);
hrtimer_start(); update_wall_time();
hrtimer_reprogram(); ntp_tick_length()
tick_program_event() spin_lock(&ntp_lock);
clockevents_program_event()
ktime_get()
seq = req_seqbegin(xtime_lock);

This patch tries to avoid the problem by reverting back to not using
an hrtimer to inject leapseconds, and instead we handle the leapsecond
processing in the second_overflow() function.

The downside to this change is that on systems that support highres
timers, the leap second processing will occur on a HZ tick boundary,
(ie: ~1-10ms, depending on HZ) after the leap second instead of
possibly sooner (~34us in my tests w/ x86_64 lapic).

This patch applies on top of tip/timers/core.

CC: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reported-by: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
Diagnoised-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
Cc: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Linux Kernel <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@canonical.com>
---
include/linux/timex.h | 2 +-
kernel/time/ntp.c | 122 +++++++++++++++------------------------------
kernel/time/timekeeping.c | 12 ++---
3 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 92 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/timex.h b/include/linux/timex.h
index e6967d1..3b587b4 100644
--- a/include/linux/timex.h
+++ b/include/linux/timex.h
@@ -271,7 +271,7 @@ static inline int ntp_synced(void)
/* Returns how long ticks are at present, in ns / 2^NTP_SCALE_SHIFT. */
extern u64 tick_length;

-extern void second_overflow(void);
+extern int second_overflow(unsigned long secs);
extern void update_ntp_one_tick(void);
extern int do_adjtimex(struct timex *);

diff --git a/kernel/time/ntp.c b/kernel/time/ntp.c
index 4800f93..dc76c9a 100644
--- a/kernel/time/ntp.c
+++ b/kernel/time/ntp.c
@@ -28,8 +28,6 @@ unsigned long tick_nsec;
u64 tick_length;
static u64 tick_length_base;

-static struct hrtimer leap_timer;
-
#define MAX_TICKADJ 500LL /* usecs */
#define MAX_TICKADJ_SCALED
(((MAX_TICKADJ * NSEC_PER_USEC) << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT) / NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ)
@@ -180,60 +178,60 @@ void ntp_clear(void)
}

/*
- * Leap second processing. If in leap-insert state at the end of the
- * day, the system clock is set back one second; if in leap-delete
- * state, the system clock is set ahead one second.
+ * this routine handles the overflow of the microsecond field
+ *
+ * The tricky bits of code to handle the accurate clock support
+ * were provided by Dave Mills (Mills@UDEL.EDU) of NTP fame.
+ * They were originally developed for SUN and DEC kernels.
+ * All the kudos should go to Dave for this stuff.
+ *
+ * Also handles leap second processing, and returns leap offset
*/
-static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_second(struct hrtimer *timer)
+int second_overflow(unsigned long secs)
{
- enum hrtimer_restart res = HRTIMER_NORESTART;
-
- write_seqlock(&xtime_lock);
+ int leap = 0;
+ s64 delta;

+ /*
+ * Leap second processing. If in leap-insert state at the end of the
+ * day, the system clock is set back one second; if in leap-delete
+ * state, the system clock is set ahead one second.
+ */
switch (time_state) {
case TIME_OK:
+ if (time_status & STA_INS)
+ time_state = TIME_INS;
+ else if (time_status & STA_DEL)
+ time_state = TIME_DEL;
break;
case TIME_INS:
- timekeeping_leap_insert(-1);
- time_state = TIME_OOP;
- printk(KERN_NOTICE
- "Clock: inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC
");
- hrtimer_add_expires_ns(&leap_timer, NSEC_PER_SEC);
- res = HRTIMER_RESTART;
+ if (secs % 86400 == 0) {
+ leap = -1;
+ time_state = TIME_OOP;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE
+ "Clock: inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC
");
+ }
break;
case TIME_DEL:
- timekeeping_leap_insert(1);
- time_tai--;
- time_state = TIME_WAIT;
- printk(KERN_NOTICE
- "Clock: deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC
");
+ if ((secs + 1) % 86400 == 0) {
+ leap = 1;
+ time_tai--;
+ time_state = TIME_WAIT;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE
+ "Clock: deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC
");
+ }
break;
case TIME_OOP:
time_tai++;
time_state = TIME_WAIT;
- /* fall through */
+ break;
+
case TIME_WAIT:
if (!(time_status & (STA_INS | STA_DEL)))
time_state = TIME_OK;
break;
}

- write_sequnlock(&xtime_lock);
-
- return res;
-}
-
-/*
- * this routine handles the overflow of the microsecond field
- *
- * The tricky bits of code to handle the accurate clock support
- * were provided by Dave Mills (Mills@UDEL.EDU) of NTP fame.
- * They were originally developed for SUN and DEC kernels.
- * All the kudos should go to Dave for this stuff.
- */
-void second_overflow(void)
-{
- s64 delta;

/* Bump the maxerror field */
time_maxerror += MAXFREQ / NSEC_PER_USEC;
@@ -253,23 +251,25 @@ void second_overflow(void)
tick_length += delta;

if (!time_adjust)
- return;
+ goto out;

if (time_adjust > MAX_TICKADJ) {
time_adjust -= MAX_TICKADJ;
tick_length += MAX_TICKADJ_SCALED;
- return;
+ goto out;
}

if (time_adjust < -MAX_TICKADJ) {
time_adjust += MAX_TICKADJ;
tick_length -= MAX_TICKADJ_SCALED;
- return;
+ goto out;
}

tick_length += (s64)(time_adjust * NSEC_PER_USEC / NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ)
<< NTP_SCALE_SHIFT;
time_adjust = 0;
+out:
+ return leap;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CMOS_UPDATE
@@ -331,27 +331,6 @@ static void notify_cmos_timer(void)
static inline void notify_cmos_timer(void) { }
#endif

-/*
- * Start the leap seconds timer:
- */
-static inline void ntp_start_leap_timer(struct timespec *ts)
-{
- long now = ts->tv_sec;
-
- if (time_status & STA_INS) {
- time_state = TIME_INS;
- now += 86400 - now % 86400;
- hrtimer_start(&leap_timer, ktime_set(now, 0), HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
-
- return;
- }
-
- if (time_status & STA_DEL) {
- time_state = TIME_DEL;
- now += 86400 - (now + 1) % 86400;
- hrtimer_start(&leap_timer, ktime_set(now, 0), HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
- }
-}

/*
* Propagate a new txc->status value into the NTP state:
@@ -374,22 +353,6 @@ static inline void process_adj_status(struct timex *txc, struct timespec *ts)
time_status &= STA_RONLY;
time_status |= txc->status & ~STA_RONLY;

- switch (time_state) {
- case TIME_OK:
- ntp_start_leap_timer(ts);
- break;
- case TIME_INS:
- case TIME_DEL:
- time_state = TIME_OK;
- ntp_start_leap_timer(ts);
- case TIME_WAIT:
- if (!(time_status & (STA_INS | STA_DEL)))
- time_state = TIME_OK;
- break;
- case TIME_OOP:
- hrtimer_restart(&leap_timer);
- break;
- }
}
/*
* Called with the xtime lock held, so we can access and modify
@@ -469,9 +432,6 @@ int do_adjtimex(struct timex *txc)
(txc->tick < 900000/USER_HZ ||
txc->tick > 1100000/USER_HZ))
return -EINVAL;
-
- if (txc->modes & ADJ_STATUS && time_state != TIME_OK)
- hrtimer_cancel(&leap_timer);
}

getnstimeofday(&ts);
@@ -549,6 +509,4 @@ __setup("ntp_tick_adj=", ntp_tick_adj_setup);
void __init ntp_init(void)
{
ntp_clear();
- hrtimer_init(&leap_timer, CLOCK_REALTIME, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
- leap_timer.function = ntp_leap_second;
}
diff --git a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
index 4a71cff..00e2fae 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
@@ -183,14 +183,6 @@ void update_xtime_cache(u64 nsec)
ACCESS_ONCE(xtime_cache) = ts;
}

-/* must hold xtime_lock */
-void timekeeping_leap_insert(int leapsecond)
-{
- xtime.tv_sec += leapsecond;
- wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec -= leapsecond;
- update_vsyscall(&xtime, timekeeper.clock, timekeeper.mult);
-}
-
#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_TIME

/**
@@ -783,9 +775,11 @@ void update_wall_time(void)

timekeeper.xtime_nsec += timekeeper.xtime_interval;
if (timekeeper.xtime_nsec >= nsecps) {
+ int leap;
timekeeper.xtime_nsec -= nsecps;
xtime.tv_sec++;
- second_overflow();
+ leap = second_overflow(xtime.tv_sec);
+ xtime.tv_sec += leap;
}

raw_time.tv_nsec += timekeeper.raw_interval;
--
1.7.9.5


--
kernel-team mailing list
kernel-team@lists.ubuntu.com
https://lists.ubuntu.com/mailman/listinfo/kernel-team
 

Thread Tools




All times are GMT. The time now is 04:06 PM.

VBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2014, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO ©2007, Crawlability, Inc.
Copyright 2007 - 2008, www.linux-archive.org