On Thu, Dec 23, 2010 at 1:53 PM, Peter Stuge <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
Kfir Lavi wrote:
> > I have an intel board, and the bios boots after 22sec.
> > Is it possible to boot the linux without a bios.
coreboot is your only alternative to a BIOS. I'm active in the
project since some years. Instead of coreboot you could of course
also consider buying licenses for a custom BIOS from AMI but that
is often prohibitively expensive.
> I have spoke in irc #gentoo-embedded with landley and he explained
> some stuff about my question regarding coreboot, uboot on x86.
uboot is not widely used on x86 so far. There has been some talk
between coreboot and uboot because the two could complement each
other well, but not yet.
You're of course welcome to stop by #coreboot and talk to us, and/or
check out some of the talks.
I'd recommend "Beyond The Final Frontier" from 25C3 as a start:
coreboot completes it's task in a few hundred milliseconds. Some more
complicated boards (lots of busses and CPUs) take longer, maybe a
second or even two.
We have a list of supported mainboards:
If your board is not listed it may be easy or it may be hard. When
talking to us about it please be sure to provide very specific
information about your hardware. "intel board" is e.g. useless, we
need details for CPU, chipset, superio and the boot flash.
As a general rule, NVIDIA and Intel are the worst possible targets
for coreboot, because they will not release documentation.
NVIDIA is simply impossible. Intel can be done, but you need a strong
business case with promise of many many units, and you need to sign
two NDAs in order to access the required, but insufficient,
documentation. The docs have some information but not all. It's
generally neccessary to reverse engineer parts of the factory BIOS in
order to actually get a board fully working.
On the opposite end of the spectrum is AMD, who have engineers
actively contributing code to coreboot. AMD recently let us know that
they will be adding AGESA support to coreboot, as well as releasing
AGESA under open source license, which means that coreboot will be
able to initialize many if not all AMD platforms with the code
written by AMD themselves, which is also being used by commercial
BIOS vendors. (AGESA is a firmware plugin system for AMD systems.)
This is of course really great news!
There was mention of BOCHS BIOS in the chat log. coreboot does not
want to be a BIOS, because BIOS is a 30 year old concept. There is
clean separation between coreboot and what we call a payload.
coreboot does hardware init, the payload starts the operating system.
I rant about ACPI a bit in the talks.
Payloads can be bootloaders or even a kernel. But for maximum
performance you will want to use SeaBIOS, an open source BIOS
implementation, as payload - because it supports ATA DMA, and boot
flash is much slower than that. (See http://stuge.se/pc2010.png - the
flash chip is *far* away from the CPU, on a slow bus.)
SeaBIOS was originally forked from BOCHS BIOS, but is very much a
project of it's own by now, is continually being updated, and is also
the default BIOS shipped with QEMU since some versions back.
Hope this helps clarify a bit.
Thanks for your lengthy replay. Very interesting talk.
I loved the push pins idea. Now I'm asking myself,
how I didn't thought about it myself. I used a paper clip, but it is awkward.
I have a kontron board with an intel cpu. How can I get the spec with the parts
in order to check if I will be able to use coreboot?
Attached is the lspci of the board.
I would also like to know (if it is possible) how hard is to create support for this
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 4 Series Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev 07)
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 4 Series Chipset Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 07)
00:02.1 Display controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 4 Series Chipset Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 07)
00:03.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 4 Series Chipset MEI Controller (rev 07)
00:19.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation 82567LM Gigabit Network Connection (rev 03)
00:1a.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB UHCI Controller #4 (rev 03)
00:1a.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB UHCI Controller #5 (rev 03)
00:1a.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller #2 (rev 03)
00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) HD Audio Controller (rev 03)
00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 03)
00:1c.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) PCI Express Port 4 (rev 03)
00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 03)
00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 03)
00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 03)
00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller #1 (rev 03)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge (rev 93)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation ICH9M-E LPC Interface Controller (rev 03)
00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 82801I (ICH9 Family) SMBus Controller (rev 03)
05:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation 82574L Gigabit Network Connection