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Old 04-08-2008, 03:35 PM
Michael Rickmann
 
Default fat thin clients - 030-workstation plug in

Hallo everybody,
I am new to this list and relatively new to edubuntu. I am really impressed by
the capabilities of ltsp5. Since we have a very mixed assortment of
computers we got interested in creating fat thin clients. With the help of
David Van Assche's documentation at
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuLTSP/LTSPFatClients we tried to build
a plugin as outlined in the LTSPFatClients scope at
https://wiki.edubuntu.org/LTSPFatClients. It really works !!!

I try to attach my script to this mail if it does not work you find it as
http://wwwuser.gwdg.de/~mrickma/edubuntu/030-workstation.gz .
My script provides a localized and fairly complete setup for Ubuntu / Kubuntu
desktops with nfs-client capabilitly. It is meant as a starting point for
integrating a network information service and mounting user homes. Personally
I use a semi-secured smbldap setup with additional automount maps in ldap.
But the ldap / nis setups are rather variable, so integrating them into the
script is not really sensible.

Copy the 030-workstation file to
usr/share/ltsp/plugins/ltsp-build-client/Ubuntu and call ltsp-build-client
with the --workstation dist1[,dist2] flag, where dist1 and dist2 can be
Ubuntu or Kubuntu currently. If you wish to have both desktops
chose --workstation Ubuntu,Kubuntu , the other way around will not work well
as gnome's fast-user-switch-applet does not like kdm. And !!! chose a mirror
close to you, it really saves time. This morning i built an image with
ltsp-build-client --arch i386 --chroot gnomek-i386 --mirror
http://ftp5.gwdg.de/pub/linux/debian/ubuntu/ --workstation Ubuntu,Kubuntu
Then I upgraded by hand and rebuilt using
ltsp-update-image -a gnomek-i386 -p 2003 .
Regards
Michael
case "$MODE" in
commandline)
add_option "workstation" "`eval_gettext "a netbooted diskless workstation mode, e.g --workstation Ubuntu"`" "advanced" "true"
;;
configure)
if [ -n "$option_workstation_value" ]; then
TARGETS="Ubuntu Kubuntu"
for TMP in $(echo $option_workstation_value | tr ',' ' ') ; do
if [[ $TARGETS == *$TMP* ]]; then
if [[ $WORKSTATION != *$TMP* ]]; then
WORKSTATION="$WORKSTATION $TMP"
fi
fi
done
if [ -z "$WORKSTATION" ]; then
echo Sorry, $option_workstation_value cannot be installed.
exit
fi
WORKSTATION=$(echo $WORKSTATION)
RCS_WHITELIST="$RCS_WHITELIST pcmciautils brltty screen urandom udev-finish portmap nfs-common"
RC2_WHITELIST="$RC2_WHITELIST portmap nfs-common vbesave acpid powernowd.early dbus hal cupsys apport
hotkey-setup powernowd consolekit avahi-daemon bluetooth gdm anacron atd cron acpi-support rc.local"
RC6_WHITELIST="$RC6_WHITELIST portmap"
RC0_WHITELIST="$RC0_WHITELIST portmap"
if [[ $WORKSTATION == Ubuntu* ]]; then
RC2_WHITELIST="$RC2_WHITELIST gdm"
fi
fi
;;
after-install)
if [ -n "$WORKSTATION" ]; then

# guess from the LANG environment which localized packages
# are to be installed, check that they exist
function add_localized_packages {
for i in $* ; do
for j in $(chroot $ROOT apt-cache -n search $i-$SHORT_LANG | awk '{print $1}') ; do
if [ $j == $i-$SHORT_LANG ]; then
WORKSTATION_PACKS="$WORKSTATION_PACKS $j"
fi
done
done
}

# install the right packages for the lowfat Workstation
#
# another place for locale
echo LANG="$LANG" > $ROOT/etc/default/locale
SHORT_LANG=$(echo $LANG | sed 's/(.*)_.*/1/')
for WORKSTATION_DESK in $WORKSTATION ; do
if [ $WORKSTATION_DESK == Ubuntu ]; then
WORKSTATION_PACKS="$WORKSTATION_PACKS ubuntu-desktop language-pack-gnome-en"
if [ $SHORT_LANG != en ]; then
add_localized_packages language-pack-gnome
fi
fi
if [ $WORKSTATION_DESK == Kubuntu ]; then
WORKSTATION_PACKS="$WORKSTATION_PACKS kubuntu-desktop language-pack-kde-en"
if [ $SHORT_LANG != en ]; then
add_localized_packages language-pack-kde
fi
fi
done
WORKSTATION_PACKS="$WORKSTATION_PACKS language-pack-en language-support-en fdutils fuse-utils ubuntu-standard nfs-common portmap"
if [ $SHORT_LANG != en ]; then
add_localized_packages language-pack language-support
fi
chroot $ROOT apt-get $APT_GET_OPTS install $WORKSTATION_PACKS
# remove network-manager it causes trouble
# and a second login manager
WORKSTATION_PACKS=network-manager
if [[ $WORKSTATION == Ubuntu* ]] && [[ $WORKSTATION == *Kubuntu* ]]; then
WORKSTATION_PACKS="$WORKSTATION_PACKS kdm"
fi
if [[ $WORKSTATION == Kubuntu* ]] && [[ $WORKSTATION == *Ubuntu* ]]; then
WORKSTATION_PACKS="$WORKSTATION_PACKS gdm"
fi
chroot $ROOT apt-get $APT_GET_OPTS --purge remove $WORKSTATION_PACKS


# Now perform local setup similar to main installer
#
# fixed in ltsp >= 5.0.40
cp /etc/timezone $ROOT/etc/timezone
cp /etc/localtime $ROOT/etc/localtime
# reserve /home as mountpoint for common user home directories
# in due consequence move the home for local users somewhere else
LOCALHOME=/localhome
mkdir -p $ROOT/$LOCALHOME
sed -i "s/DHOME *=.*/DHOME=$LOCALHOME/" $ROOT/etc/adduser.conf
echo "
--------------------------------------------------------------
Please enter a name for the user with admin privileges!
"
read TMP
chroot $ROOT adduser --gecos Administrator,,, $TMP
chmod 600 $ROOT/etc/sudoers
echo "
# Members of the admin group may gain root privileges
%admin ALL=(ALL) ALL" >> $ROOT/etc/sudoers
chmod 440 $ROOT/etc/sudoers
chroot $ROOT usermod -G admin,adm,dialout,cdrom,floppy,audio,dip,plugdev,s canner,powerdev $TMP


# get the write-permission for a couple directories and files right for unionfs
echo 'copy_dirs="$copy_dirs /var/lib/urandom' $LOCALHOME'"' >> $ROOT/etc/default/ltsp-client-setup
if [[ $WORKSTATION == Ubuntu* ]]; then
echo 'rw_dirs="$rw_dirs /var/lib/gdm"' >> $ROOT/etc/default/ltsp-client-setup
fi

# give the client its dhcpd assigned hostname, you have to add
# "use-host-decl-names on;" to its group section in /etc/ltsp/dhcpd.conf
sed -i '/bindfiles=/s//etc/hostname//' $ROOT/etc/default/ltsp-client-setup

# These cron jobs are not needed if we run them now or have done already
if [ -e $ROOT/etc/cron.daily/find.notslocate ]; then
chroot $ROOT /etc/cron.daily/find.notslocate
rm -f $ROOT/etc/cron.daily/find.notslocate $ROOT/etc/cron.daily/slocate
fi
if [ -e $ROOT/etc/cron.daily/man-db ]; then
chroot $ROOT mandb
rm -f $ROOT/etc/cron.*/man-db
fi
rm -f $ROOT/etc/cron.*/scrollkeeper
# large log files
echo -n "" > $ROOT/var/log/dpkg.log
echo -n "" > $ROOT/var/log/scrollkeeper.log
fi
;;
finalization)
if [ -n "$WORKSTATION" ]; then
chroot $ROOT update-rc.d -f laptop-mode remove ; chroot $ROOT update-rc.d laptop-mode start 99 2 3 4 5 . stop 20 0 1 6 .
if [[ $WORKSTATION == Kubuntu* ]]; then
# kdm has to be startet after the client has setup X
chroot $ROOT update-rc.d -f kdm remove ; chroot $ROOT update-rc.d kdm start 30 2 3 4 5 . stop 01 0 1 6 .
if [[ $WORKSTATION != *Ubuntu* ]]; then
chroot $ROOT update-rc.d -f kde-guidance remove ; chroot $ROOT update-rc.d kde-guidance start 89 2 3 4 5 .
fi
fi
fi
esac

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Old 04-22-2008, 02:55 PM
Manu
 
Default fat thin clients - 030-workstation plug in

Hi,

Thank for this plugin, I have testing on Ubuntu Hardy RC and one correction
the powerdev group have missing in /etc/group on Hardy
this ligne "chroot $ROOT usermod -G admin,adm,dialout,cdrom,floppy,audio,dip,plugdev,s canner,powerdev $TMP"

do "chroot $ROOT usermod -G admin,adm,dialout,cdrom,floppy,audio,dip,plugdev,s canner $TMP"

a machine with 512Mo and Amd Turion, this LTSP environment run very well

Bye,
Manu

2008/4/8, Michael Rickmann <mrickma@gwdg.de>:
Hallo everybody,
I am new to this list and relatively new to edubuntu. I am really impressed by
the capabilities of ltsp5. Since we have a very mixed assortment of
computers we got interested in creating fat thin clients. With the help of

David Van Assche's documentation at
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuLTSP/LTSPFatClients we tried to build
a plugin as outlined in the LTSPFatClients scope at

https://wiki.edubuntu.org/LTSPFatClients. It really works !!!

I try to attach my script to this mail if it does not work you find it as
http://wwwuser.gwdg.de/~mrickma/edubuntu/030-workstation.gz .

My script provides a localized and fairly complete setup for Ubuntu / Kubuntu
desktops with nfs-client capabilitly. It is meant as a starting point for
integrating a network information service and mounting user homes. Personally

I use a semi-secured smbldap setup with additional automount maps in ldap.
But the ldap / nis setups are rather variable, so integrating them into the
script is not really sensible.

Copy the 030-workstation file to

usr/share/ltsp/plugins/ltsp-build-client/Ubuntu and call ltsp-build-client
with the** --workstation dist1[,dist2]** flag, where dist1 and dist2 can be
Ubuntu or Kubuntu currently. If you wish to have both desktops

chose --workstation Ubuntu,Kubuntu , the other way around will not work well
as gnome's fast-user-switch-applet does not like kdm. And !!! chose a mirror
close to you, it really saves time. This morning i built an image with

ltsp-build-client --arch i386 --chroot gnomek-i386 --mirror
http://ftp5.gwdg.de/pub/linux/debian/ubuntu/ --workstation Ubuntu,Kubuntu
Then I upgraded by hand and rebuilt using

ltsp-update-image -a gnomek-i386 -p 2003 .
Regards

Michael

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--
Emmanuel Le Normand
Ubuntu-fr / Edubuntu-fr
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