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Magicloud Magiclouds 06-26-2011 02:53 AM

How to configure static route?
 
Hi,
I used to use configuration like "up ip route add 0.0.0.0/0 via
a.b.c.d dev eth0" in /etc/network/interfaces to do this.
But today, in debian doc
(http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch05.en.html 5.5.14), I
found that there is a /etc/network/routes to do this. Well, I cannot
find more information about it.
Anyone could help giving me a clue? Thanks.
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Camalen 06-26-2011 09:14 AM

How to configure static route?
 
On Sun, 26 Jun 2011 10:53:21 +0800, Magicloud Magiclouds wrote:

> I used to use configuration like "up ip route add 0.0.0.0/0 via
> a.b.c.d dev eth0" in /etc/network/interfaces to do this.

Is that option not available anymore?

> But today, in debian doc
> (http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch05.en.html 5.5.14), I
> found that there is a /etc/network/routes to do this. Well, I cannot
> find more information about it.
> Anyone could help giving me a clue? Thanks.

Indeed, the on file documentation is very brief. The important part says:

# This file includes a list of routes for differenet networks
# following the format # Network Netmask Gateway Interface
#
# Example:
#
# 172.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.0.1 eth0

Greetings,

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Camalen


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William Hopkins 06-26-2011 03:02 PM

How to configure static route?
 
On 06/26/11 at 10:53am, Magicloud Magiclouds wrote:
> Hi,
> I used to use configuration like "up ip route add 0.0.0.0/0 via
> a.b.c.d dev eth0" in /etc/network/interfaces to do this.

I assume this was just an example, but if you really wanted a route to 0.0.0.0
you would use the 'gateway' parameter ;P

--
Liam

Andrei POPESCU 06-28-2011 08:43 AM

How to configure static route?
 
On Du, 26 iun 11, 10:53:21, Magicloud Magiclouds wrote:
> Hi,
> I used to use configuration like "up ip route add 0.0.0.0/0 via
> a.b.c.d dev eth0" in /etc/network/interfaces to do this.
> But today, in debian doc
> (http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch05.en.html 5.5.14), I
> found that there is a /etc/network/routes to do this. Well, I cannot
> find more information about it.
> Anyone could help giving me a clue? Thanks.

$ apt-file search /etc/network/routes
ifupdown-extra: /etc/network/routes

$ apt-cache show ifupdown-extra
...
Description: Network scripts for ifupdown
This package provides a set of network testing scripts to be used together
with the ifupdown package. These scripts can:
- check the network cable before an interface is configured.
- test if an assigned IP address is already in use in the network.
- test if default network gateways are reachable.
- setup default static routes for interfaces.
.
This package also provides 'network-test', a script to test the network
configuration status by checking:
- Status of available interface.
- Availability of configured gateway routes.
- If host resolution is working properly (DNS checks).
- If network connectivity is working, including ICMP and web connections to
remote web servers.
Tag: admin::configuring, network::configuration, network::routing, role::program, scope::utility, use::checking, use::configuring, works-with::network-traffic

IMVHO the static routes part should be moved to ifupdown. How about a
'whishlist' bug?

Hope this helps,
Andrei
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"owl700@gmail.com" 06-28-2011 11:16 AM

How to configure static route?
 
http://kindlund.wordpress.com/2007/11/19/configuring-multiple-default-routes-in-linux/
or use interfaces file like this

allow-hotplug eth1
iface eth1 inet static
address 192.168.0.2
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.0.0
broadcast 192.168.0.255

post-up ip route add 192.168.0.0/24 dev eth1 src 192.168.0.2 table rt2
post-up ip route add default via 192.168.0.254 dev eth1 table rt2
post-up ip rule add from 192.168.0.0/24 table rt2
post-up ip rule add to 192.168.0.0/24 table rt2
post-up ip rule add from 10.0.0.0/24 table rt2
post-up ip rule add to 10.0.0.0/24 table rt2

the table rt2 or other name do you like is inserted in /etc/iproute2/rt_tables
like this line
1 rt2


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Andrei POPESCU 06-28-2011 11:23 AM

How to configure static route?
 
On Ma, 28 iun 11, 13:16:42, owl700@gmail.com wrote:

[snip]

That's not what the OP was looking for...

Regards,
Andrei
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William Hopkins 06-28-2011 02:13 PM

How to configure static route?
 
On 06/28/11 at 11:43am, Andrei POPESCU wrote:
> On Du, 26 iun 11, 10:53:21, Magicloud Magiclouds wrote:
> $ apt-cache show ifupdown-extra
> ...
> - setup default static routes for interfaces.

> IMVHO the static routes part should be moved to ifupdown. How about a
> 'whishlist' bug?

Seconded. I'll check for one and file tonight (:

--
Liam

Osamu Aoki 07-08-2011 03:08 PM

How to configure static route?
 
On Tue, Jun 28, 2011 at 11:43:39AM +0300, Andrei POPESCU wrote:
...
> IMVHO the static routes part should be moved to ifupdown. How about a
> 'whishlist' bug?

Yah! With new maintainer team, it may be worth it.

But make sure to provide compatible patch. ifupdown package is a bit
involved one :-)

Osamu

PS: Part of the reason upstream if ifupdown did not accept this was
because there are other ways to do the same as posted here.


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