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Old 05-04-2011, 01:56 PM
Dave Anderson
 
Default s390: Fix stack trace code for program checks

----- Original Message -----
> Hi Dave,
>
> If we get a program check interrupt while we are on the task stack, crash
> only shows the stack trace up to the program check interrupt.
>
> Example:
>
> #0 [3d2bb6e0] raw3215_make_room at 3e2c90
> #1 [3d2bb730] con3215_notify at 3e3a26
> #2 [3d2bb760] notifier_call_chain at 4c31d0
> #3 [3d2bb7b8] atomic_notifier_call_chain at 4c3278
> #4 [3d2bb810] panic at 4be372
> #5 [3d2bb8b8] die at 10565e
> #6 [3d2bb920] illegal_op at 106ed6
> #7 [3d2bba10] pgm_exit at 1185fc
>
> With this patch the stack trace looks like the following:
>
> #00 [3d2bb6e0] raw3215_make_room at 3e2c90
> #01 [3d2bb730] con3215_notify at 3e3a26
> #02 [3d2bb760] notifier_call_chain at 4c31d0
> #03 [3d2bb7b8] atomic_notifier_call_chain at 4c3278
> #04 [3d2bb810] panic at 4be372
> #05 [3d2bb8b8] die at 10565e
> #06 [3d2bb920] illegal_op at 106ed6
> #07 [3d2bba10] pgm_exit at 1185fc
> - Interrupt -
> #08 [3d2bbab0] rollback_registered at 402d82
> #09 [3d2bbb78] unregister_netdevice at 402e04
> #10 [3d2bbb98] unregister_netdev at 402e7a
> #11 [3d2bbbb8] qeth_l3_remove_device at 3c000fc2574 [qeth_l3]
> #12 [3d2bbc38] qeth_core_remove_device at 3c000d77d08 [qeth]
> #13 [3d2bbc88] ccwgroup_remove at 3c000cc483a [ccwgroup]
> #14 [3d2bbca8] __device_release_driver at 39c180
> #15 [3d2bbcd0] device_release_driver at 39c33a
> #16 [3d2bbcf8] bus_remove_device at 39b2e0
> #17 [3d2bbd28] device_del at 398a8e
> #18 [3d2bbd58] device_unregister at 398b72
> #19 [3d2bbd78] ccwgroup_ungroup_callback at 3c000cc47c4 [ccwgroup]
> #20 [3d2bbdb0] sysfs_schedule_callback_work at 2d0802
> #21 [3d2bbdd0] worker_thread at 166f08
> #22 [3d2bbe60] kthread at 16cfe8
> #23 [3d2bbeb8] kernel_thread_starter at 109c06
>
> For fixing this problem I also did some more rework/restructuring of the code. I tested
> the fix with RHEL6 and verified that back traces still work on SLES10-11 and
> RHEL4-6.
>
> Michael

Hi Michael,

A couple minor points about this patch...

I moved the two new offset_table entries to the end of
the structure. Since the offset_table is exported to extension
modules, changing members in the middle of the structure could
easily break a module that was compiled against an earlier
version. And I added displays of the new offset_table and
size_table entries in dump_offset_table() used by "help -o".

I'm not particularly enamored with the use of the zero-filled
"double-number" frame fields -- mainly because it's different
than all of the other architectures (even the s390). The other
arches just move the asterisk one field to the left if the frame
number goes into double figures, keeping the remaining fields
lined up:

fprintf(fp, "%s#%d [ ...
level < 10 ? " " : "",

While I try not to interfere with architecture maintainers,
is there a particular reason you want to do it that way?

Thanks,
Dave



> ---
> defs.h | 3
> s390x.c | 311
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------------------
> 2 files changed, 176 insertions(+), 138 deletions(-)
>
> --- a/defs.h
> +++ b/defs.h
> @@ -1548,6 +1548,8 @@ struct offset_table {
> long module_sections_attrs;
> long swap_info_struct_inuse_pages;
> long s390_lowcore_psw_save_area;
> + long s390_stack_frame_back_chain;
> + long s390_stack_frame_r14;
> long mm_struct_rss_stat;
> long mm_rss_stat_count;
> long module_module_init;
> @@ -1688,6 +1690,7 @@ struct size_table { /* stash of
> long unwind_idx;
> long softirq_action;
> long irq_data;
> + long s390_stack_frame;
> };
>
> struct array_table {
> --- a/s390x.c
> +++ b/s390x.c
> @@ -42,6 +42,8 @@
>
> #define LOWCORE_SIZE 8192
>
> +#define S390X_PSW_MASK_PSTATE 0x0001000000000000UL
> +
> /*
> * S390x prstatus ELF Note
> */
> @@ -113,7 +115,17 @@ static struct line_number_hook s390x_lin
> static int s390x_is_uvaddr(ulong, struct task_context *);
> static int s390x_get_kvaddr_ranges(struct vaddr_range *);
>
> -
> +/*
> + * Read a unsigned long value from address
> + */
> +static unsigned long readmem_ul(unsigned long addr)
> +{
> + unsigned long rc;
> +
> + readmem(addr, KVADDR, &rc, sizeof(rc), "readmem_ul",
> FAULT_ON_ERROR);
> + return rc;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Initialize member offsets
> */
> @@ -125,6 +137,17 @@ static void s390x_offsets_init(void)
> else
> MEMBER_OFFSET_INIT(s390_lowcore_psw_save_area, "_lowcore",
> "psw_save_area");
> + if (!STRUCT_EXISTS("stack_frame")) {
> + ASSIGN_OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_back_chain) = 0;
> + ASSIGN_OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_r14) = 112;
> + ASSIGN_SIZE(s390_stack_frame) = 160;
> + } else {
> + ASSIGN_OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_back_chain) =
> + MEMBER_OFFSET("stack_frame", "back_chain");
> + ASSIGN_OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_r14) =
> + MEMBER_OFFSET("stack_frame", "gprs") + 8 * 8;
> + ASSIGN_SIZE(s390_stack_frame) = STRUCT_SIZE("stack_frame");
> + }
> }
>
> static struct s390x_cpu *s390x_cpu_vec;
> @@ -796,39 +819,152 @@ s390x_get_lowcore(struct bt_info *bt, ch
> /*
> * Read interrupt stack (either "async_stack" or "panic_stack");
> */
> -static void s390x_get_int_stack(char *stack_name, char* lc, char*
> int_stack,
> - unsigned long* start, unsigned long* end)
> +static void get_int_stack(char *stack_name, char *lc, unsigned long
> *start,
> + unsigned long *end)
> {
> unsigned long stack_addr;
>
> + *start = *end = 0;
> if (!MEMBER_EXISTS("_lowcore", stack_name))
> return;
> stack_addr = ULONG(lc + MEMBER_OFFSET("_lowcore", stack_name));
> if (stack_addr == 0)
> return;
> - readmem(stack_addr - INT_STACK_SIZE, KVADDR, int_stack,
> - INT_STACK_SIZE, stack_name, FAULT_ON_ERROR);
> *start = stack_addr - INT_STACK_SIZE;
> *end = stack_addr;
> }
>
> /*
> - * Unroll a kernel stack.
> + * Print hex data
> */
> -static void
> -s390x_back_trace_cmd(struct bt_info *bt)
> +static void print_hex(unsigned long addr, int len, int cols)
> {
> - char* stack;
> - char async_stack[INT_STACK_SIZE];
> - char panic_stack[INT_STACK_SIZE];
> - long ksp,backchain,old_backchain;
> - int i=0, r14_offset,bc_offset, skip_first_frame=0;
> - unsigned long async_start = 0, async_end = 0;
> - unsigned long panic_start = 0, panic_end = 0;
> - unsigned long stack_end, stack_start, stack_base;
> - unsigned long r14;
> - char buf[BUFSIZE];
> - int cpu = bt->tc->processor;
> + int j, first = 1;
> +
> + for (j = 0; j < len; j += 8) {
> + if (j % (cols * 8) == 0) {
> + if (!first)
> + fprintf(fp, "
");
> + else
> + first = 0;
> + fprintf(fp, " %016lx: ", addr + j);
> + }
> + fprintf(fp, " %016lx", readmem_ul(addr + j));
> + }
> + if (len)
> + fprintf(fp, "
");
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Print hexdump of stack frame data
> + */
> +static void print_frame_data(unsigned long sp, unsigned long high)
> +{
> + unsigned long next_sp, len = high - sp;
> +
> + next_sp = readmem_ul(sp + MEMBER_OFFSET("stack_frame",
> "back_chain"));
> + if (next_sp == 0)
> + len = MIN(len, SIZE(s390_stack_frame) + STRUCT_SIZE("pt_regs"));
> + else
> + len = MIN(len, next_sp - sp);
> + print_hex(sp, len, 2);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Print stack frame
> + */
> +static void print_frame(struct bt_info *bt, int cnt, unsigned long
> sp,
> + unsigned long r14)
> +{
> + struct load_module *lm;
> + char *sym;
> +
> + if (BT_REFERENCE_CHECK(bt)) {
> + if (bt->ref->cmdflags & BT_REF_HEXVAL) {
> + if (r14 == bt->ref->hexval)
> + bt->ref->cmdflags |= BT_REF_FOUND;
> + } else {
> + if (STREQ(closest_symbol(r14), bt->ref->str))
> + bt->ref->cmdflags |= BT_REF_FOUND;
> + }
> + return;
> + }
> + fprintf(fp, " #%02i [%08lx] ", cnt, sp);
> + sym = closest_symbol(r14);
> + fprintf(fp, "%s at %lx", sym, r14);
> + if (module_symbol(r14, NULL, &lm, NULL, 0))
> + fprintf(fp, " [%s]", lm->mod_name);
> + fprintf(fp, "
");
> + if (bt->flags & BT_LINE_NUMBERS)
> + s390x_dump_line_number(r14);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Print back trace for one stack
> + */
> +static unsigned long show_trace(struct bt_info *bt, int cnt, unsigned
> long sp,
> + unsigned long low, unsigned long high)
> +{
> + unsigned long reg, psw_addr;
> +
> + while (1) {
> + if (sp < low || sp > high - SIZE(s390_stack_frame))
> + return sp;
> + reg = readmem_ul(sp + OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_r14));
> + if (!s390x_has_cpu(bt))
> + print_frame(bt, cnt++, sp, reg);
> + if (bt->flags & BT_FULL)
> + print_frame_data(sp, high);
> + /* Follow the backchain. */
> + while (1) {
> + low = sp;
> + sp = readmem_ul(sp +
> + OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_back_chain));
> + if (!sp) {
> + sp = low;
> + break;
> + }
> + if (sp <= low || sp > high - SIZE(s390_stack_frame))
> + return sp;
> + reg = readmem_ul(sp + OFFSET(s390_stack_frame_r14));
> + print_frame(bt, cnt++, sp, reg);
> + if (bt->flags & BT_FULL)
> + print_frame_data(sp, high);
> + }
> + /* Zero backchain detected, check for interrupt frame. */
> + sp += SIZE(s390_stack_frame);
> + if (sp <= low || sp > high - STRUCT_SIZE("pt_regs"))
> + return sp;
> + /* Check for user PSW */
> + reg = readmem_ul(sp + MEMBER_OFFSET("pt_regs", "psw"));
> + if (reg & S390X_PSW_MASK_PSTATE)
> + return sp;
> + /* Get new backchain from r15 */
> + reg = readmem_ul(sp + MEMBER_OFFSET("pt_regs", "gprs") +
> + 15 * sizeof(long));
> + /* Get address of interrupted function */
> + psw_addr = readmem_ul(sp + MEMBER_OFFSET("pt_regs", "psw") +
> + sizeof(long));
> + /* Check for loop (kernel_thread_starter) of second zero bc */
> + if (low == reg || reg == 0)
> + return reg;
> + fprintf(fp, " - Interrupt -
");
> + print_frame(bt, cnt++, sp, psw_addr);
> + low = sp;
> + sp = reg;
> + cnt = 0;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Unroll a kernel stack
> + */
> +static void s390x_back_trace_cmd(struct bt_info *bt)
> +{
> + unsigned long low, high, sp = bt->stkptr;
> + int cpu = bt->tc->processor, cnt = 0;
> + char lowcore[LOWCORE_SIZE];
> + unsigned long psw_flags;
>
> if (bt->hp && bt->hp->eip) {
> error(WARNING,
> @@ -838,13 +974,11 @@ s390x_back_trace_cmd(struct bt_info *bt)
> fprintf(fp, " CPU offline
");
> return;
> }
> - ksp = bt->stkptr;
> -
> - /* print lowcore and get async stack when task has cpu */
> - if(s390x_has_cpu(bt)){
> - char lowcore[LOWCORE_SIZE];
> - unsigned long psw_flags;
>
> + /*
> + * Print lowcore and print interrupt stacks when task has cpu
> + */
> + if (s390x_has_cpu(bt)) {
> if (ACTIVE()) {
> fprintf(fp,"(active)
");
> return;
> @@ -852,128 +986,29 @@ s390x_back_trace_cmd(struct bt_info *bt)
> s390x_get_lowcore(bt, lowcore);
> psw_flags = ULONG(lowcore + OFFSET(s390_lowcore_psw_save_area));
>
> - if(psw_flags & 0x1000000000000ULL){
> + if (psw_flags & S390X_PSW_MASK_PSTATE) {
> fprintf(fp,"Task runs in userspace
");
> s390x_print_lowcore(lowcore,bt,0);
> return;
> }
> - s390x_get_int_stack("async_stack", lowcore, async_stack,
> - &async_start, &async_end);
> - s390x_get_int_stack("panic_stack", lowcore, panic_stack,
> - &panic_start, &panic_end);
> s390x_print_lowcore(lowcore,bt,1);
> fprintf(fp,"
");
> - skip_first_frame=1;
> + get_int_stack("panic_stack", lowcore, &low, &high);
> + sp = show_trace(bt, cnt, sp, low, high);
> + get_int_stack("async_stack", lowcore, &low, &high);
> + sp = show_trace(bt, cnt, sp, low, high);
> }
> -
> - /* get task stack start and end */
> - if(THIS_KERNEL_VERSION >= LINUX(2,6,0)){
> - readmem(bt->task + OFFSET(task_struct_thread_info),KVADDR,
> - &stack_start, sizeof(long), "thread info",
> - FAULT_ON_ERROR);
> + /*
> + * Print task stack
> + */
> + if (THIS_KERNEL_VERSION >= LINUX(2, 6, 0)) {
> + readmem(bt->task + OFFSET(task_struct_thread_info), KVADDR,
> + &low, sizeof(long), "thread info", FAULT_ON_ERROR);
> } else {
> - stack_start = bt->task;
> + low = bt->task;
> }
> - stack_end = stack_start + KERNEL_STACK_SIZE;
> -
> - if(!STRUCT_EXISTS("stack_frame")){
> - r14_offset = 112;
> - bc_offset=0;
> - } else {
> - r14_offset = MEMBER_OFFSET("stack_frame","gprs") +
> - 8 * S390X_WORD_SIZE;
> - bc_offset = MEMBER_OFFSET("stack_frame","back_chain");
> - }
> - backchain = ksp;
> - do {
> - unsigned long r14_stack_off;
> - struct load_module *lm;
> - int j;
> -
> - /* Find stack: Either async, panic stack or task stack */
> - if((backchain > stack_start) && (backchain < stack_end)){
> - stack = bt->stackbuf;
> - stack_base = stack_start;
> - } else if((backchain > async_start) && (backchain < async_end)
> - && s390x_has_cpu(bt)){
> - stack = async_stack;
> - stack_base = async_start;
> - } else if((backchain > panic_start) && (backchain < panic_end)
> - && s390x_has_cpu(bt)){
> - stack = panic_stack;
> - stack_base = panic_start;
> - } else {
> - /* invalid stackframe */
> - break;
> - }
> - r14_stack_off=backchain - stack_base + r14_offset;
> - r14 = ULONG(&stack[r14_stack_off]);
> -
> - /* print function name */
> - if(BT_REFERENCE_CHECK(bt)){
> - if(bt->ref->cmdflags & BT_REF_HEXVAL){
> - if(r14 == bt->ref->hexval)
> - bt->ref->cmdflags |= BT_REF_FOUND;
> - } else {
> - if(STREQ(closest_symbol(r14),bt->ref->str))
> - bt->ref->cmdflags |= BT_REF_FOUND;
> - }
> - } else if(skip_first_frame){
> - skip_first_frame=0;
> - } else {
> - fprintf(fp," #%i [%08lx] ",i,backchain);
> - fprintf(fp,"%s at %lx", closest_symbol(r14), r14);
> - if (module_symbol(r14, NULL, &lm, NULL, 0))
> - fprintf(fp, " [%s]", lm->mod_name);
> - fprintf(fp, "
");
> - if (bt->flags & BT_LINE_NUMBERS)
> - s390x_dump_line_number(r14);
> - i++;
> - }
> - old_backchain=backchain;
> - backchain = ULONG(&stack[backchain - stack_base + bc_offset]);
> -
> - /* print stack content if -f is specified */
> - if ((bt->flags & BT_FULL) && !BT_REFERENCE_CHECK(bt)) {
> - int frame_size;
> - if (backchain == 0) {
> - frame_size = stack_base - old_backchain
> - + KERNEL_STACK_SIZE;
> - } else {
> - frame_size = MIN((backchain - old_backchain),
> - (stack_base - old_backchain +
> - KERNEL_STACK_SIZE));
> - }
> - for (j = 0; j < frame_size; j += 8) {
> - if(j % 16 == 0){
> - fprintf(fp, "%s %016lx: ",
> - j ? "
" : "", old_backchain + j);
> - }
> - fprintf(fp," %s",
> - format_stack_entry(bt, buf,
> - ULONG(&stack[old_backchain - stack_base + j]), 0));
> - }
> - fprintf(fp, "
");
> - }
> -
> - /* Check for interrupt stackframe */
> - if((backchain == 0) &&
> - (stack == async_stack || stack == panic_stack)) {
> - int pt_regs_off = old_backchain - stack_base + 160;
> - unsigned long psw_flags;
> -
> - psw_flags = ULONG(&stack[pt_regs_off +
> - MEMBER_OFFSET("pt_regs", "psw")]);
> - if(psw_flags & 0x1000000000000ULL){
> - /* User psw: should not happen */
> - break;
> - }
> - backchain = ULONG(&stack[pt_regs_off +
> - MEMBER_OFFSET("pt_regs", "gprs") +
> - 15 * S390X_WORD_SIZE]);
> - fprintf(fp," - Interrupt -
");
> - }
> - } while(backchain != 0);
> + high = low + KERNEL_STACK_SIZE;
> + sp = show_trace(bt, cnt, sp, low, high);
> }
>
> /*
>
>
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Old 05-04-2011, 02:08 PM
Michael Holzheu
 
Default s390: Fix stack trace code for program checks

Hello Dave,

On Wed, 2011-05-04 at 09:56 -0400, Dave Anderson wrote:
> Hi Michael,
>
> A couple minor points about this patch...
>
> I moved the two new offset_table entries to the end of
> the structure. Since the offset_table is exported to extension
> modules, changing members in the middle of the structure could
> easily break a module that was compiled against an earlier
> version. And I added displays of the new offset_table and
> size_table entries in dump_offset_table() used by "help -o".

Fine, thanks!

> I'm not particularly enamored with the use of the zero-filled
> "double-number" frame fields -- mainly because it's different
> than all of the other architectures (even the s390).
> The other arches just move the asterisk one field to the left if the frame
> number goes into double figures, keeping the remaining fields
> lined up:
>
> fprintf(fp, "%s#%d [ ...
> level < 10 ? " " : "",
>
> While I try not to interfere with architecture maintainers,
> is there a particular reason you want to do it that way?

No problem. This is also fine with me. Should I change this or do you
want to do that?

Michael

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Old 05-04-2011, 02:13 PM
Dave Anderson
 
Default s390: Fix stack trace code for program checks

----- Original Message -----
> Hello Dave,
>
> On Wed, 2011-05-04 at 09:56 -0400, Dave Anderson wrote:
> > Hi Michael,
> >
> > A couple minor points about this patch...
> >
> > I moved the two new offset_table entries to the end of
> > the structure. Since the offset_table is exported to extension
> > modules, changing members in the middle of the structure could
> > easily break a module that was compiled against an earlier
> > version. And I added displays of the new offset_table and
> > size_table entries in dump_offset_table() used by "help -o".
>
> Fine, thanks!
>
> > I'm not particularly enamored with the use of the zero-filled
> > "double-number" frame fields -- mainly because it's different
> > than all of the other architectures (even the s390).
> > The other arches just move the asterisk one field to the left if the
> > frame
> > number goes into double figures, keeping the remaining fields
> > lined up:
> >
> > fprintf(fp, "%s#%d [ ...
> > level < 10 ? " " : "",
> >
> > While I try not to interfere with architecture maintainers,
> > is there a particular reason you want to do it that way?
>
> No problem. This is also fine with me. Should I change this or do you
> want to do that?
>
> Michael

I just changed print_frame() to do it. And, sorry -- I didn't mean
to twist your arm... ;-)

Queued for 5.1.15.

Thanks,
Dave
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Old 05-05-2011, 08:06 AM
Michael Holzheu
 
Default s390: Fix stack trace code for program checks

Hello Dave,

On Wed, 2011-05-04 at 10:13 -0400, Dave Anderson wrote:
> > > I'm not particularly enamored with the use of the zero-filled
> > > "double-number" frame fields -- mainly because it's different
> > > than all of the other architectures (even the s390).
> > > The other arches just move the asterisk one field to the left if the
> > > frame
> > > number goes into double figures, keeping the remaining fields
> > > lined up:
> > >
> > > fprintf(fp, "%s#%d [ ...
> > > level < 10 ? " " : "",
> > >
> > > While I try not to interfere with architecture maintainers,
> > > is there a particular reason you want to do it that way?
> >
> > No problem. This is also fine with me. Should I change this or do you
> > want to do that?
> >
> > Michael
>
> I just changed print_frame() to do it. And, sorry -- I didn't mean
> to twist your arm... ;-)

It is good to keep the architectures as similar as possible. That's part
of your job :-)

>
> Queued for 5.1.15.

Thanks!

Michael

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