FAQ Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read
» Video Reviews

» Linux Archive

Linux-archive is a website aiming to archive linux email lists and to make them easily accessible for linux users/developers.


» Sponsor

» Partners

» Sponsor

Go Back   Linux Archive > CentOS > CentOS Docs

 
 
LinkBack Thread Tools
 
Old 04-06-2008, 01:11 AM
Ned Slider
 
Default becoming root

Hi List,

I've just drafted a FAQ/mini-HOWTO on becoming root as this is a topic I
see come up time and time again.


Perhaps someone with a reasonable understanding could check it for
technical correctness, and if anyone would like to offer comments/feedback??


Any suggestions as to where might be an appropriate home for this on the
Wiki?


Regards,

Ned
(attached below)

--------------------

*How to become root*

Many commands can only be run as the root user so to run these commands
we need to become "root". To do this, we use the su command (substitute
user).


The su command takes the following format:

su - <user>

but most commonly we will use su to become the root user:

su - root

If no username is specified, then the root user is assumed, so the above
is often shortened to:


su

or

su -

but the above are NOT the same thing.

Often a user will become root using just 'su', try to run a command (eg,
ifconfig), and get a 'command not found' error:


su
Password:
ifconfig
bash: ifconfig: command not found

The reason is that regular system users and the root user have different
PATHS (you can view a users PATH with 'echo $PATH'). When you type a
Linux command, the shell with search the users PATH to try to locate the
command to run. It starts searching each directory on the PATH until a
match is found. Commands for regular users are mostly located in
/usr/local/bin, /usr/bin, and /bin. However, root commands are mostly
located in /usr/local/sbin, /usr/sbin, and /sbin and root's PATH
reflects this difference.


When you become root by using 'su -', you also adopt root's PATH whereas
using just 'su' retains the original users PATH, hence why becoming root
using just 'su' and trying to run a command located in /usr/local/sbin,
/usr/sbin, or /sbin results in a 'command not found' error.


So you either need to specify the full PATH to the command if you just
used 'su' (eg, /sbin/ifconfig) or use the full 'su -'.


_______________________________________________
CentOS-docs mailing list
CentOS-docs@centos.org
http://lists.centos.org/mailman/listinfo/centos-docs
 

Thread Tools




All times are GMT. The time now is 02:41 AM.

VBulletin, Copyright ©2000 - 2014, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO ©2007, Crawlability, Inc.
Copyright 2007 - 2008, www.linux-archive.org