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Go Back   Linux Archive > ArchLinux > ArchLinux Pacman Development

 
 
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Old 01-02-2012, 06:37 PM
Dan McGee
 
Default pkghash improvements/modifications

This patch changes a variety of small things related to our pkghash
implementation with an eye toward performance, especially on native
32-bit systems.

* Use `unsigned int` rather than `size_t` for hash sizes. We already
return ERANGE for any attempted creation of a hash greater than 1
million elements, so unsigned int is more than large enough for our
purposes. Switching to this type allows 32 bit systems to do native
math without helper functions from libgcc.
* _alpm_pkghash_create() now internally adds extra padding for
additional array elements, rather than that being the responsibility of
the caller.
* #define values are moved into static const values in pkghash.c; a new
`stride` value is also extracted (but remains set at 1).
* Division and modulus operators are removed from the normal find and
add paths if possible. We store the upper limit of the number of
elements in the hash so we no longer need to calculate this every
element addition. When doing wraparound position calculations, we only
apply the modulus operator if the value is greater than the number of
buckets.

Signed-off-by: Dan McGee <dan@archlinux.org>
---
lib/libalpm/be_local.c | 3 +-
lib/libalpm/be_sync.c | 3 +-
lib/libalpm/pkghash.c | 114 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
lib/libalpm/pkghash.h | 14 +++---
4 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/libalpm/be_local.c b/lib/libalpm/be_local.c
index 2deef22..36b2c5d 100644
--- a/lib/libalpm/be_local.c
+++ b/lib/libalpm/be_local.c
@@ -402,8 +402,7 @@ static int local_db_populate(alpm_db_t *db)
est_count -= 2;
}

- /* initialize hash at 50% full */
- db->pkgcache = _alpm_pkghash_create(est_count * 2);
+ db->pkgcache = _alpm_pkghash_create(est_count);
if(db->pkgcache == NULL){
closedir(dbdir);
RET_ERR(db->handle, ALPM_ERR_MEMORY, -1);
diff --git a/lib/libalpm/be_sync.c b/lib/libalpm/be_sync.c
index 07134e7..76c31f5 100644
--- a/lib/libalpm/be_sync.c
+++ b/lib/libalpm/be_sync.c
@@ -439,8 +439,7 @@ static int sync_db_populate(alpm_db_t *db)
}
est_count = estimate_package_count(&buf, archive);

- /* initialize hash at 66% full */
- db->pkgcache = _alpm_pkghash_create(est_count * 3 / 2);
+ db->pkgcache = _alpm_pkghash_create(est_count);
if(db->pkgcache == NULL) {
db->handle->pm_errno = ALPM_ERR_MEMORY;
goto cleanup;
diff --git a/lib/libalpm/pkghash.c b/lib/libalpm/pkghash.c
index 963ba25..f007092 100644
--- a/lib/libalpm/pkghash.c
+++ b/lib/libalpm/pkghash.c
@@ -26,42 +26,51 @@
*
* The maximum table size is the last prime under 1,000,000. That is
* more than an order of magnitude greater than the number of packages
- * in any Linux distribution.
+ * in any Linux distribution, and well under UINT_MAX.
*/
-static const size_t prime_list[] =
+static const unsigned int prime_list[] =
{
- 11ul, 13ul, 17ul, 19ul, 23ul, 29ul, 31ul, 37ul, 41ul, 43ul, 47ul,
- 53ul, 59ul, 61ul, 67ul, 71ul, 73ul, 79ul, 83ul, 89ul, 97ul, 103ul,
- 109ul, 113ul, 127ul, 137ul, 139ul, 149ul, 157ul, 167ul, 179ul, 193ul,
- 199ul, 211ul, 227ul, 241ul, 257ul, 277ul, 293ul, 313ul, 337ul, 359ul,
- 383ul, 409ul, 439ul, 467ul, 503ul, 541ul, 577ul, 619ul, 661ul, 709ul,
- 761ul, 823ul, 887ul, 953ul, 1031ul, 1109ul, 1193ul, 1289ul, 1381ul,
- 1493ul, 1613ul, 1741ul, 1879ul, 2029ul, 2179ul, 2357ul, 2549ul,
- 2753ul, 2971ul, 3209ul, 3469ul, 3739ul, 4027ul, 4349ul, 4703ul,
- 5087ul, 5503ul, 5953ul, 6427ul, 6949ul, 7517ul, 8123ul, 8783ul,
- 9497ul, 10273ul, 11113ul, 12011ul, 12983ul, 14033ul, 15173ul,
- 16411ul, 17749ul, 19183ul, 20753ul, 22447ul, 24281ul, 26267ul,
- 28411ul, 30727ul, 33223ul, 35933ul, 38873ul, 42043ul, 45481ul,
- 49201ul, 53201ul, 57557ul, 62233ul, 67307ul, 72817ul, 78779ul,
- 85229ul, 92203ul, 99733ul, 107897ul, 116731ul, 126271ul, 136607ul,
- 147793ul, 159871ul, 172933ul, 187091ul, 202409ul, 218971ul, 236897ul,
- 256279ul, 277261ul, 299951ul, 324503ul, 351061ul, 379787ul, 410857ul,
- 444487ul, 480881ul, 520241ul, 562841ul, 608903ul, 658753ul, 712697ul,
- 771049ul, 834181ul, 902483ul, 976369ul
+ 11u, 13u, 17u, 19u, 23u, 29u, 31u, 37u, 41u, 43u, 47u,
+ 53u, 59u, 61u, 67u, 71u, 73u, 79u, 83u, 89u, 97u, 103u,
+ 109u, 113u, 127u, 137u, 139u, 149u, 157u, 167u, 179u, 193u,
+ 199u, 211u, 227u, 241u, 257u, 277u, 293u, 313u, 337u, 359u,
+ 383u, 409u, 439u, 467u, 503u, 541u, 577u, 619u, 661u, 709u,
+ 761u, 823u, 887u, 953u, 1031u, 1109u, 1193u, 1289u, 1381u,
+ 1493u, 1613u, 1741u, 1879u, 2029u, 2179u, 2357u, 2549u,
+ 2753u, 2971u, 3209u, 3469u, 3739u, 4027u, 4349u, 4703u,
+ 5087u, 5503u, 5953u, 6427u, 6949u, 7517u, 8123u, 8783u,
+ 9497u, 10273u, 11113u, 12011u, 12983u, 14033u, 15173u,
+ 16411u, 17749u, 19183u, 20753u, 22447u, 24281u, 26267u,
+ 28411u, 30727u, 33223u, 35933u, 38873u, 42043u, 45481u,
+ 49201u, 53201u, 57557u, 62233u, 67307u, 72817u, 78779u,
+ 85229u, 92203u, 99733u, 107897u, 116731u, 126271u, 136607u,
+ 147793u, 159871u, 172933u, 187091u, 202409u, 218971u, 236897u,
+ 256279u, 277261u, 299951u, 324503u, 351061u, 379787u, 410857u,
+ 444487u, 480881u, 520241u, 562841u, 608903u, 658753u, 712697u,
+ 771049u, 834181u, 902483u, 976369u
};

-/* Allocate a hash table with at least "size" buckets */
-alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_create(size_t size)
+/* How far forward do we look when linear probing for a spot? */
+static const unsigned int stride = 1;
+/* What is the maximum load percentage of our hash table? */
+static const double max_hash_load = 0.68;
+/* Initial load percentage given a certain size */
+static const double initial_hash_load = 0.58;
+
+/* Allocate a hash table with space for at least "size" elements */
+alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_create(unsigned int size)
{
alpm_pkghash_t *hash = NULL;
- size_t i, loopsize;
+ unsigned int i, loopsize;

CALLOC(hash, 1, sizeof(alpm_pkghash_t), return NULL);
+ size = size / initial_hash_load + 1;

loopsize = sizeof(prime_list) / sizeof(*prime_list);
for(i = 0; i < loopsize; i++) {
if(prime_list[i] > size) {
hash->buckets = prime_list[i];
+ hash->limit = hash->buckets * max_hash_load;
break;
}
}
@@ -78,15 +87,19 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_create(size_t size)
return hash;
}

-static size_t get_hash_position(unsigned long name_hash, alpm_pkghash_t *hash)
+static unsigned int get_hash_position(unsigned long name_hash,
+ alpm_pkghash_t *hash)
{
- size_t position;
+ unsigned int position;

position = name_hash % hash->buckets;

/* collision resolution using open addressing with linear probing */
while(hash->hash_table[position] != NULL) {
- position = (position + 1) % hash->buckets;
+ position += stride;
+ if(position >= hash->buckets) {
+ position %= hash->buckets;
+ }
}

return position;
@@ -96,7 +109,7 @@ static size_t get_hash_position(unsigned long name_hash, alpm_pkghash_t *hash)
static alpm_pkghash_t *rehash(alpm_pkghash_t *oldhash)
{
alpm_pkghash_t *newhash;
- size_t newsize, position, i;
+ unsigned int newsize, i;

/* Hash tables will need resized in two cases:
* - adding packages to the local database
@@ -129,8 +142,7 @@ static alpm_pkghash_t *rehash(alpm_pkghash_t *oldhash)
for(i = 0; i < oldhash->buckets; i++) {
if(oldhash->hash_table[i] != NULL) {
alpm_pkg_t *package = oldhash->hash_table[i]->data;
-
- position = get_hash_position(package->name_hash, newhash);
+ unsigned int position = get_hash_position(package->name_hash, newhash);

newhash->hash_table[position] = oldhash->hash_table[i];
oldhash->hash_table[i] = NULL;
@@ -144,16 +156,17 @@ static alpm_pkghash_t *rehash(alpm_pkghash_t *oldhash)
return newhash;
}

-static alpm_pkghash_t *pkghash_add_pkg(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg, int sorted)
+static alpm_pkghash_t *pkghash_add_pkg(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg,
+ int sorted)
{
alpm_list_t *ptr;
- size_t position;
+ unsigned int position;

if(pkg == NULL || hash == NULL) {
return hash;
}

- if((hash->entries + 1) / MAX_HASH_LOAD > hash->buckets) {
+ if(hash->entries >= hash->limit) {
hash = rehash(hash);
}

@@ -189,7 +202,8 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_add_sorted(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg)
return pkghash_add_pkg(hash, pkg, 1);
}

-static size_t move_one_entry(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, size_t start, size_t end)
+static unsigned int move_one_entry(alpm_pkghash_t *hash,
+ unsigned int start, unsigned int end)
{
/* Iterate backwards from 'end' to 'start', seeing if any of the items
* would hash to 'start'. If we find one, we move it there and break. If
@@ -201,7 +215,7 @@ static size_t move_one_entry(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, size_t start, size_t end)
while(end != start) {
alpm_list_t *i = hash->hash_table[end];
alpm_pkg_t *info = i->data;
- size_t new_position = get_hash_position(info->name_hash, hash);
+ unsigned int new_position = get_hash_position(info->name_hash, hash);

if(new_position == start) {
hash->hash_table[start] = i;
@@ -212,7 +226,7 @@ static size_t move_one_entry(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, size_t start, size_t end)
/* the odd math ensures we are always positive, e.g.
* e.g. (0 - 1) % 47 == -1
* e.g. (47 + 0 - 1) % 47 == 46 */
- end = (hash->buckets + end - 1) % hash->buckets;
+ end = (hash->buckets + end - stride) % hash->buckets;
}
return end;
}
@@ -230,7 +244,7 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_remove(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg,
alpm_pkg_t **data)
{
alpm_list_t *i;
- size_t position;
+ unsigned int position;

if(data) {
*data = NULL;
@@ -246,7 +260,7 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_remove(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg,

if(info->name_hash == pkg->name_hash &&
strcmp(info->name, pkg->name) == 0) {
- size_t stop, prev;
+ unsigned int stop, prev;

/* remove from list and hash */
hash->list = alpm_list_remove_item(hash->list, i);
@@ -260,11 +274,17 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_remove(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg,
/* Potentially move entries following removed entry to keep open
* addressing collision resolution working. We start by finding the
* next null bucket to know how far we have to look. */
- stop = (position + 1) % hash->buckets;
+ stop = position + stride;
+ if(stop >= hash->buckets) {
+ stop %= hash->buckets;
+ }
while(hash->hash_table[stop] != NULL && stop != position) {
- stop = (stop + 1) % hash->buckets;
+ stop += stride;
+ if(stop >= hash->buckets) {
+ stop %= hash->buckets;
+ }
}
- stop = (hash->buckets + stop - 1) % hash->buckets;
+ stop = (hash->buckets + stop - stride) % hash->buckets;

/* We now search backwards from stop to position. If we find an
* item that now hashes to position, we will move it, and then try
@@ -277,7 +297,10 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_remove(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg,
return hash;
}

- position = (position + 1) % hash->buckets;
+ position += stride;
+ if(position >= hash->buckets) {
+ position %= hash->buckets;
+ }
}

return hash;
@@ -285,8 +308,8 @@ alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_remove(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg,

void _alpm_pkghash_free(alpm_pkghash_t *hash)
{
- size_t i;
if(hash != NULL) {
+ unsigned int i;
for(i = 0; i < hash->buckets; i++) {
free(hash->hash_table[i]);
}
@@ -299,7 +322,7 @@ alpm_pkg_t *_alpm_pkghash_find(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, const char *name)
{
alpm_list_t *lp;
unsigned long name_hash;
- size_t position;
+ unsigned int position;

if(name == NULL || hash == NULL) {
return NULL;
@@ -316,7 +339,10 @@ alpm_pkg_t *_alpm_pkghash_find(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, const char *name)
return info;
}

- position = (position + 1) % hash->buckets;
+ position += stride;
+ if(position >= hash->buckets) {
+ position %= hash->buckets;
+ }
}

return NULL;
diff --git a/lib/libalpm/pkghash.h b/lib/libalpm/pkghash.h
index edd500e..64a32b2 100644
--- a/lib/libalpm/pkghash.h
+++ b/lib/libalpm/pkghash.h
@@ -35,17 +35,19 @@
struct __alpm_pkghash_t {
/** data held by the hash table */
alpm_list_t **hash_table;
- /** number of buckets in hash table */
- size_t buckets;
- /** number of entries in hash table */
- size_t entries;
/** head node of the hash table data in normal list format */
alpm_list_t *list;
+ /** number of buckets in hash table */
+ unsigned int buckets;
+ /** number of entries in hash table */
+ unsigned int entries;
+ /** max number of entries before a resize is needed */
+ unsigned int limit;
};

typedef struct __alpm_pkghash_t alpm_pkghash_t;

-alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_create(size_t size);
+alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_create(unsigned int size);

alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_add(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg);
alpm_pkghash_t *_alpm_pkghash_add_sorted(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, alpm_pkg_t *pkg);
@@ -55,6 +57,4 @@ void _alpm_pkghash_free(alpm_pkghash_t *hash);

alpm_pkg_t *_alpm_pkghash_find(alpm_pkghash_t *hash, const char *name);

-#define MAX_HASH_LOAD 0.7
-
#endif /* _ALPM_PKGHASH_H */
--
1.7.8.1
 

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